For your Lughnasadh (aka Lammas) rituals, consider crafting your own loose incense for burning on your altar or in a bonfire.
Scott Cunningham suggested this recipe in his book The Complete Book of Incense, Oils and Brews:
🌿 2 parts* Frankincense resin
🌿 1 part Heather
🌿 1 part Apple blossoms (or dried Apple pieces)
🌿 1 pinch Blackberry leaves
🌿 a few drops Ambergris oil
I personally would not recommend ambergris (harvested in the ocean, and secreted from the digestive system of sperm whales!) but a reasonable substitute would be Cypress essential oil (Cupressus sempervirens), or any oil you have with an evergreen aroma, with a few added drops of Patchouli oil (Pogostemon cablin).
You could also customize by adding local wildcrafted herbs such as yarrow and /or goldenrod, plants such as Sweet Annie (Artemisia annua) and herbs (or essential oils) such as cinnamon bark (Cinnamomum zeylanicum), rosemary (Rosmarinus officinalis), coriander (Coriandrum sativum).
Measuring in *parts allows you to scale a recipe up or down quite easily, simply by choosing your preferred measuring device such as measuring spoons, cups, grams, shot glasses or egg cups! For instance, in this formulation you could use 1 teaspoon or 1 tablespoon to equal 1 part. If you really liked it, you could scale up so that 1 part = 1/4 cup, 1/2 cup, 30 grams, etc.
It provides consistency when scaling and measuring and is sometimes referred to as the “simpler’s method”.
Crush all the dry ingredients first with a mortar and pestle and then add the essential oils until blended to your liking. Store in a sealed glass jar, and don’t forget to label with your ingredients so you can make it again….especially if you have customized to your liking. Use a lit charcoal disk to burn this incense at your altar or toss a handful into a bonfire.